Citronella oil is obtained by the steam distillation of green herbs known as Citronella Grass”. there are two types - Ceylon type and Java type. Ceylon type oil is obtained from the species- Cymbopogon nardus Rendle and Java type oil is obtained from –Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. The oil contains Citral and has a strong odour like that of lemon that is the reason the name given is Citronella. The oil of Java type is superior over Ceylon type as it contains about 75-85% of Citral compared to Ceylon type is 50-60%.Citronella Java cultivation is done on large scale in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Total Citronella Java production in India about 800-1000 tons yearly.
Citronella Java Caltivation
￼Proper selection of land, which supports the plant growth for a longer period, is essential for best growth & satisfactory recovery of oil. For Citronella cultivation, deep, well drained, fertile soil is suitable, the areas with fear of water stagnation should be avoided for cultivation. Soil of around pH 6.0 is considered optimum and attitude of 150-200m is ideal, the plant grows satisfactorily upto the height of 700 m. Humid Climate with regular rainfall is most favourable for plant growth & oil production as well. the highest yield of citronella oil is in part of north-east and south-east of India.
Citronella Oil Distillation
￼Freshly harvested leaves are taken for the purpose of distillation. During mild weather condition the harvested leaves can be spread in shade or left in field for 12 to 24 hours to make it semi-dry. This allows better packing of plant material in distillation stills and economises the consumption of fuel also. If the leaves are over-grown, then they may be chopped into pieces into distillation stills for better oil recovery. Distillation process is completed within 3 to 3.5 hours with boiler operated plant and it takes 4 to 5 hours with directly fire plant. Steam distillation or water distillation are done for recovery of citronella oil from the leaves.
Citronella cultivation is done on commercial basis, for obtaining aromatic oil from the leaves. Selection of proper soil, climatic conditions, method of plantation, type of Citronella species, proper application of fertilizers and manures, harvesting etc consideration is essential. The cultivation methods and the measures taken during cultivation of Citronella Java give good yield and better oil recovery from the leaves. The aromatic oil has odour like lemon because of presence of Citral in the oil, lemon has about 28% of Citral and about 80% in Citronella. The oil is used in perfumery, detergents and also for medicinal purpose. Thus the cultivation of Citronella Java is highly profitable for farmers in rainfed areas and areas with proper irrigation.
Product: Citronella Java Oil
Lavender is one of the most popular essential oils on the trade of essential oil and for good reason. It smells great and is an effective stress-relieving oil. The name stems from the Latin word lavera, meaning to wash. In addition to stress-relieving properties, Lavender is a healing aid against cold, flu, depression and headache.
Extraction and Application: Lavender is extracted from the lavender flowers of the plant and steam distilled. Lavender can be used several different ways. Given the origin of its name, its a wonderful essential oil to use in a bath & spa. Many massage therapists use it to help relax their clients. Add a few drops to a diffuser or even your pillow before bedtime to get a good nights sleep.
Aromatherapy Uses: Lavender is most commonly known for its relaxing effects on the body, therapeutic-grade lavender has been highly regarded for the skin. It may be used to cleanse cuts, bruises and skin irritations. The fragrance is calming, relaxing and balancing – physically and emotionally. Carrying a bottle of lavender around with you is like having your own personal first aid kit, perfume and pick-me-up.
Here are ways you can incorporate lavender in to your daily life:
1. Sleep Aid
2. Insect bite
4. Minor Burn
6. Dry Skin
8. Flavor booster
Caution: One of the more serious possible side effects of lavender oil is the possibility that it causes breast growth in boys. However, this side effect usually resolves a few months after the boys stop using lavender oil. Lavender oil can also sometimes irritate the skin, or cause an allergic reaction, nausea, headache, chills or vomiting.
Aromatherapy, the therapeutic use of essential oils, is one of the most popular techniques of natural medicine practiced today. It is widely available, pleasant, and easy to use. Everything in your kitchen and bathroom has an aroma that affects you in many ways. The smell of cinnamon can make your mouth water or bring back the memory of grandma's apple pie. Lavender bath salts calm your nervous system as you soak in the tub. Aromas are added to candles, soaps, lotions and massage oils, so oftentimes you are practicing aromatherapy even when you don't realize it.
Agar, a valuable aromatic plant deposit found in the stems of Aquilaria agallocha is available in Bangladesh, East India (Assam) and other parts of South East Asia.
The oil obtained from agar is described as a stimulant, cardiac tonic and carminative. It is also used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Agarwood (Oud) is an Oriental medicine for use as a sedative.
In reality agarwood oil obtain from the fungus infected of Agarwood plant.
After visit in Maharashtra (For Sandalwood oil) I felt many hopeful when I got permission from my elder brother for visit our Assam. It permission are come to me from after many long time because In Assam state tarriest create many problems. They killed to "Hindi Man" (Man, who spoken Hindi). It is rural & wild area. And I was hearing that Assam have many rare & natural products, so I am so excited for visit that place.
So my helper and I are ready to visit for world's rare products area "Assam". When I reached in Guwahati. Atmosphere is more different from my hometown. When we reach in factory, I put my bag on room and ask my helper for visit distillation place. There Mr. Bahap (Cauldron Man) tell us all about aloes wood distillation. There I know all about distillation................
"It is true that Agarwood oil is the most rare & precious products on earth, but only distiller are know that Agarwood Oil is produced by steam distillation of generally low-grade agarwood chips and powder, High grade Agarwood chips use in only develop to Oud Chips (For Burn)."
Distillation method are begin with cut to small pieces of Agarwood chips, then pieces to wet for minimum 15 days in water, then after 15 days material are ready to distillation. Than in steel cauldron, we fill these materials and put fire under the cauldron. Now distillation is begin, by passing distillation period we find two different grades.
There I know Agar wood oil has only two grades. Grades are come from only distillation period.
Double Supper Grade: - After progress two/three days (Distillation), We find Double Supper Grade oil; Its Smell is so precious.
Supper Grade: - After Progress twelve/fifteen days (Distillation), We find Supper Grade oil; Smell is some different from 1st grades.
There are many supplier gave unique name to his products for create new market, so my friend, my suggestion to interested person are that please first check tiny sample like 1ML from any supplier before parches. I am very disappointed last night when I know that a supplier of Agarwood oil are cheats my Canada's friend with something else instead of Agarwood oil. Why they people are want to destroy to a market of Holy Agarwood oil? Then buyers are also lost trust to real distiller.
Please wait, here a name of Agarwood - Boya Paste come in mind.
Agarwood Boya Paste obtains from raw wood of agarwood. Its is one cheapest Agarwood oil in the line of Agarwood oil. Its appearance are just like wax and can be used in cream & others products. Price is low then above all grade. Boya Paste cannot be using a perfume, because it is so thick as wax & unable to put on skin. So please confirm all about products & properties before parches.
Below is Specification of Agarwood oil from my personal experience.
Appearance: brown semi solid
Odor: Aromatic sweet-spicy fresh odor
Boiling Point: 95°C
Flash Point: 170°C
Freezing Point: 22°C
You can find incredible smell of Agarwod oil with put the oil at Sunlight per day. (Front at Sun)
I am hope that my articles can help to your search of Natural Products.